Lindy. Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava. London. 17th June 1999
1999

Paris exhibitions

At the start of the year, Hockney’s work makes a strong showing in Paris. His landscapes and related spatial investigations—notably his recent [NESTED]paintings of the Grand Canyon—are on view at the Centre Pompidou in the career-length solo show Espace/Paysage, while the Musée Picasso selects Hockney’s work for Dialogue avec Picasso, its first exhibition of the work of a living artist. 

Hockney in front of a sign for the Pompidou exhibition
Hockney in front of a sign for the Pompidou exhibition
Artist and Model
The Old Guitarist from "The Blue Guitar"
The Student: Homage to Picasso
Self Portrait with Blue Guitar

It’s frightening at times thinking what to do at the Picasso Museum, to look at all interesting compared to what is there, but my suggestion now is to make a show of the etchings I have been obsessively doing recently .... I have been doing portraits—very strong and dense .... The work is I think more than just some etchings.

Optical investigations

Hockney becomes increasingly consumed by his research into the history of photography—literally “drawing with light”—prior to the mid-nineteenth-century invention of photochemical processes for printing images. The use of lenses and optical devices by Western artists to depict mathematical perspective and render detailed likenesses is a development he sees as neglected in art historical writings but evident in actual artworks, from Caravaggio to Vermeer. Hockney purchases a camera lucida to investigate how artists such as Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (French, 1780–1867) might have used such lens-based devices to trace projected images. In the autumn, he publishes an article in the RA Magazine on the topic, and participates in the symposium “Ingres and Portraiture” at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. 

Self Portrait, London, 3rd June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 8th June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 9th June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 9th June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 9th June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 10th June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 10th June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 11th June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 11th June 1999
Self Portrait, Baden-Baden, 12th June 1999
Self Portrait, London, 13th June 1999
Self Portrait, London, 13th June 1999
Self Portrait. Los Angeles. September 6, 1999 (Transcription of Ingres Drawing) (& Verso)
Self Portrait. London. 24th June 1999
Self Portrait. Los Angeles. 18th July 1999
Self Portrait. Los Angeles. August 11, 1999
Self Portrait. Los Angeles. August 13, 1999.
Self Portrait. Los Angeles. August 19, 1999
Self Portrait. August 30, 1999

The history of art is all very comfortable until the invention of photography; but then it becomes rather uncomfortable because nobody knows what the photograph really is. As a result, we then don’t include it as part of the pictorial history. But it can’t be isolated from it.

Photo by Richard Schmidt
Self Portrait, London, 13th June 1999, 1999

Those penciled drawings of Ingres were mind-boggling. For one thing their size—how small they turn out to be when you get to see them in person. The images are seldom more than twelve by eight inches, incredibly detailed and incredibly assured. If you draw at all, you know that’s very rare and not at all easy. I bought the catalogue of the Ingres exhibition at the RA, brought it back here to L.A., studied it some more, read every word, blew up some of the drawings on the copier over there, and one morning, studying the blowups, I found myself thinking, "Wait, I’ve seen that line before. Where have I seen that line?" And suddenly I realized, "That’s Andy Warhol’s line" .... In Andy’s case we know he was using a slide projector ... and now look at this, especially the clothes, the fall of the draped cloth, the ruffle around the neck, the gathered sleeve, and then her expression, its palpable freshness: the speed of the line, its boldness, its absolute confidence, no awkwardness, no hesitancy. Of course, Ingres wasn’t using a slide projector, but he might have been using a camera, a refracting instrument of some sort

Richard Schmidt. Los Angeles. 29th March 1999
Ken Wathey I. Bridlington. 30th April 1999 (& Verso)
David Graves I. Bridlington. 30th April 1999
Ken Wathey and Sophie. Bridlington. 30th April 1999
David Graves II. Bridlington. 30th April 1999
Margaret Hockney. Bridlington. 30th April 1999
Ken Wathey and Sophie. Bridlington. 1st May 1999
Margaret Hockney. Bridlington. 1st May 1999
Paul Hockney. Bridlington. 1st May 1999
Marco Livingstone. London. 3rd May 1999
Arthur Lambert. New York. 6th May 1999
Gregory Evans. New York. 7th May 1999
Ray Charles White. New York. 8th May 1999
Norman Rosenthal. London. 12th May 1999
Nick Tite. London. 12th May 1999
Richard Schmidt. London. 13th May 1999
Ken Wathey. Bridlington. 17th May 1999
Ken and Margaret and Sophie. Bridlington. 15th May 1999
Margaret Hockney. Bridlington. 16th May 1999
John Hockney. Bridlington. 15th May 1999
Paul Hockney I. Bridlington. 15th May 1999
Paul Hockney II. Bridlington. 15th May 1999
Jean Hockney. Bridlington. 15th May 1999
Pierre Saint-Jean II. Bridlington. 16th May 1999
Pierre Saint-Jean I. Bridlington. 16th May 1999
Lisa Hockney. Bridlington. 17th May 1999
John Hockney. London. 19th May 1999
Annely Juda. London. 20th May 1999
Nikos Stangos. London. 21st May 1999
Stephen Harwood I. London. 23rd May 1999
David Juda. London. 24th May 1999
Alan Bennett. London. 25th May 1999
David Oxtoby. London. 25th May 1999
Andrew Palmer. London. 25th May 1999
Ian McKellen. London. 27th May 1999
Ian Barker. London. 27th May 1999
Edna O'Brien. London. 28th May 1999
Norman Rosenthal. London. 29th May 1999
Manuela Rosenthal. London. 29th May 1999
Stephen Stuart-Smith. London. 30th May 1999
Margaret Hockney. London. 31st May 1999
Marco Livingstone. London. 31st May 1999
Paul Joyce. London. 2nd June 1999
Sam Joyce II. London. 2nd June 1999
Francesco Clemente. London. 3rd June 1999
Colin St. John Wilson. London. 3rd June 1999
Brian Juhos. London. 4th June 1999
Ann Graves. London. 6th June 1999
George Lawson. London. 7th June 1999
Gregory Evans I. London. 13th June 1999
Stephen Stuart-Smith. London. 14th June 1999
Brian Young. London. 15th June 1999
Geordie Greig. London. 16th June 1999
Colin St. John Wilson. London. 16th June 1999
Lindy. Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava. London. 17th June 1999
Bing McGilvray. London. 18th June 1999
Damien Hirst. London. 18th June 1999
Celia Birtwell. London. 19th June 1999
Martin Kemp. London. 22nd June 1999
Laura Huston. London. 22nd June 1999
Barry Humphries. London. 22nd June 1999
Jean-Pierre Gonçalves de Lima. London. 23rd June 1999
Ruth Silver. London. 23rd June 1999
Robin Silver. London. 23rd June 1999
Katharine Jones. London. 24th June 1999
Andre Emmerich. London. 25th June 1999
David Graves. London. 25th June 1999
Jacqui Staerck. London. 26th June 1999
Lucian Freud. London. 27th June 1999

Camera lucida portraits

To draft his own work, Hockney grows adept at using the camera lucida. Asking his friends to sit [NESTED]before this antique device, Hockney explores a new mode for his portrait-making.

At first I found the camera lucida very difficult to use. It doesn’t project real images of the subject, but an illusion of one in the eye. When you move your head everything moves with it, and the artist must learn to make very quick notations to fix the position of the eyes, nose, and mouth to capture "a likeness." It is concentrated work. I persevered and continued to use the method for the rest of the year—learning all the time.

At first I found the camera lucida very difficult to use. It doesn’t project real images of the subject, but an illusion of one in the eye. When you move your head everything moves with it, and the artist must learn to make very quick notations to fix the position of the eyes, nose, and mouth to capture "a likeness." It is concentrated work. I persevered and continued to use the method for the rest of the year—learning all the time.

Brian Young. London. 15th June 1999, 1999
Maurice Payne. Los Angeles. 11th July 1999
Richard Schmidt. Los Angeles. 16th July 1999
Maurice Payne. Los Angeles. 17th July 1999
Jack Larson. Los Angeles. 21st July 1999
Tim Aitkins. Los Angeles. 26th July 1999
Marabeth Cohen-Tyler. Los Angeles. 27th July 1999
Ken Tyler. Los Angeles. 27th July 1999
Maurice Payne. Los Angeles. 31st July 1999
Don Cribb. Los Angeles. 1st August 1999
John Walsh. Los Angeles. 14th August 1999
Rosa Boshier. Los Angeles. 19th August 1999
Gifford Myers. Los Angeles. 20th August 1999
Kate Pynoos. Los Angeles. 20th August 1999
Houston Burkhart Graham. Los Angeles. 22nd August 1999
Lisa Schmidt. Los Angeles. 23rd August 1999
Sidney Felsen and Joni Weyl. Los Angeles. 24th August 1999
John Schlesinger. Los Angeles. 26th August 1999
Barbara Isenberg. Los Angeles. 27th August 1999
Maurice Payne. Los Angeles. 28th August 1999
Chloe McHugh. Los Angeles. 1st September 1999
Jonathan Mills. Los Angeles. 7th September 1999
Maurice Payne. Los Angeles. 11th September 1999
Gregory Evans. Los Angeles. 18th September 1999
Lawrence Weschler. Los Angeles. 20th September 1999
Philip Hockney. Australia. October 7th 1999
R.B. Kitaj. Los Angeles. 5th November 1999
Gregory Evans. London. 12th December 1999
Mark Glazebrook. London. 14th December 1999
John Cox. London. 29th December 1999
Firat Yener. Los Angeles. February 11, 2000
Firat Yener. Los Angeles. February 12, 2000
Jean-Pierre Gonçalves de Lima. London. 23rd June 1999, 1999

Laura Hockney dies

In May, Laura Hockney passes away at her home in Bridlington. Her son draws her until the end: “She had four children around her, and she was 98 and she only spent her last three days in bed. So she was blessed really. I’m sad, of course. After all, she was the person I’ve known all my life.”

Laura Hockney
Mum Sleeping, 1st Jan 1996
Mum Sleeping, 1st Jan 1996
Mum, December 29, 1996 from "Portrait Wall"
Mum, March 1, 1997 from "Portrait Wall"
Mother, Paris
Mother
Mother, Bradford, July 1st 1972
My Mother with a Parrot
My Mother at Age Twenty (from a photograph) as a Study for Félicité in "A Simple Heart" of Gustave Flaubert
My Mother Today; as a Study for Félicité in "A Simple Heart" of Gustave Flaubert
Mother in a Spotted Dress
Mother in a Spotted Dress
Mother in a Yellow Jumper
Mother, Paris
Study of My Mother
My Parents
My Mother
My Mother
Mother
Mother, Bradford
Mother, Bradford 18th Feb.
Mother, Bradford. 19 Feb 1979
Mother, Bradford 19th Feb.
Mother
Mother, July 9, 1978
Mother
Mother with Hands Clasped
Mother
Mother in Armchair
Mother Reading
Mother. Los Angeles. Dec. 1981
My Mother Seated
Mother, Bradford June 27th 1983
Mother, Bradford, June 1983
Mother with Crossword Puzzle, June 1983
Portrait of Mother II
Portrait of Mother III
My Mother, Bridlington
Mum
Mum III
Mum IV
Mum
Mum, Dec 21st 93
Mum, Dec 28th 93
Mum, Dec 13
Mum, Dec 20th 1993
Mum, Dec 29th 1993
Mother
Mum Sleeping I, 9 March 94
Mum, 10 March 94
Mum Sleeping II
Mum, June 24, 1994
My Mother, Dec 26th
Mum Sleeping, December 24, 1995
Laura Hockney
Mum Sleeping, 1st Jan 1996
Mum Sleeping, 1st Jan 1996
Mum, December 29, 1996 from "Portrait Wall"
Mum, March 1, 1997 from "Portrait Wall"
Mum II
Hockney sporting a Grand Canyon hat

Exhibitions

Solo

  • Espace/Paysage, Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (Jan 25–Apr 26); catalogue edited by Didier Ottinger.
  • Dialogue avec Picasso, Musée Picasso, Paris (Feb 8–May 3); catalogue with texts by Didier Ottinger, Jean Clair, Marc Fumaroli, Simon Faulkner, Pierre Sterckx, and Caroline Hancock.
  • David Hockney, Leslie Sacks Fine Art, Los Angeles (Feb 20–Mar 24).
  • David Hockney: The Grand Canyon, 1853 Gallery, Salts Mill, Saltaire, U.K. (Mar).
  • Space and Line, Richard Gray Gallery, New York (Apr 29–May 28); travels to Annely Juda Fine Art, London (Jun 30–Sep 18); catalogue with a text by Marco Livingstone.
  • Recent Etchings, Pace Prints, New York (May 5–Jun 5); catalogue.
  • Recent Etchings, L.A. Louver, Venice, CA (Jun 29–Aug 28).
  • David Hockney, Alan Cristea Gallery, London (Jun 30–Aug 30).
  • Space and Line, Annely Juda Fine Art, London (Jun 30–Sep 18); catalogue.
  • Four Decades of Selected Graphics, Leslie Sacks Fine Art, Los Angeles (Sep 13–Oct 18).
  • David Hockney, Nishimura Gallery, Tokyo (Oct 12–Nov 20).
  • Dog Wall, Pace Prints, New York (Nov 23–Dec 30).
  • David Hockney, Mira Godard Gallery, Toronto (Nov 27–Dec 18).

Group

  • The Print is Cast, Palo Alto Art Center, Palo Alto, CA (Jan–Apr).
  • Shadow Lines, Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon (Jan 29–Apr 18).
  • Examining Pictures: Exhibiting Paintings, Whitechapel Gallery, London (May 6–Jun 26); travels to Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago (Jul 24–Sep 19) and The Armand Hammer Museum of Art, UCLA, Los Angeles (Feb 2–Apr 2, 2000); catalogue.
  • 23rd Print Biennial, International Centre of Graphic Arts, Ljubljana (Jun 19–Sep 15).
  • Innovation/Imagination: 50 Years of Polaroid Photography, Ansel Adams Center, San Francisco (May 11–Jul 18).
  • Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, London (Jun 1–Aug 15); Hockney wins the Charles Wollaston Award; catalogue.
  • Silent Things, Secret Things: Still Life from Rembrandt to the Millennium, Albuquerque Museum, NM (Sep 19, 1999–Jan 2, 2002).
    • Chihuly-Hockney-Stella: Masterworks in Glass, Paint and Print*, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra (Sep 24, 1999–Jan 26, 2000).

Publication

Publication

  • Hockney on Art: Conversations with Paul Joyce, London: Little, Brown.

Film

Film

  • David Hockney: In Perspective, 52 min., directed by Monique Lajournade.